Holiday Destinations of Turkey
Turkey spans two continents. Most of the country belongs to Asia. Only a small western part belongs geographically to Europe. The country borders 8 different countries, including Greece and Bulgaria in the west, Georgia, Armenia and Iran in the east, and Iraq and Syria in the south. Three wineries surround Turkey: the Black Sea in the north, the Mediterranean Sea in the west, which geographically separates Greece and Turkey, and the Mediterranean Sea in the south. For this reason, the region has three large tourist centers.
Northern Turkey is fertile, rural, and heavily wooded. The landscape is mountainous and densely populated. Numerous hazelnut plantations dominate the provincial and rural image of this region. Georgia limits the east of the region, while the Marmara region limits the west.
The Marmara region connects the Asian and European continents. This is the northwest corner of the country to which Europe is assigned. A narrow bridge-shaped piece of land surrounded to the north by the Black Sea and to the south by the Little Sea of Marmara illustrates this image. In the middle of this “land bridge” is the famous metropolis of Istanbul, through which the mighty Bosphorus River flows, which is also considered the border of Europe and Asia.
Istanbul, formerly Constantinople, is the largest city in Turkey with some 14.65 million inhabitants. The Turkish metropolis is located on both sides of the Bosporus and, therefore, on two continents: Europe and Asia. This transit point between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean makes Istanbul an international center. The city is one of the oldest in the world. Founded in 660 B.C., Istanbul has a 2,600-year history. The different rulers left their footprints in Istanbul, so many places of cultural interest can still be discovered. In addition to magnificent mosques and buildings, huge bazaars and interesting museums invite you to stay. Today, the metropolis, which with more than 11 million tourists a year is one of the five most visited cities in the world, is the Turkish center of culture, commerce and finance.
The “is region is located in the“ gäes sea ”and is a popular holiday destination in Turkey. Here you will find lush and green landscapes, olive groves, vineyards and a lot of culture. Because in ancient times the Greeks settled in this region and so you can find not only beautiful beaches, but also ancient and famous cities like Troy or Pergamum in the western parts of Turkey. One of the most popular and beautiful resorts in this region is Izmir.
To the west of Turkey is Izmir, the third largest city in the country. The city of approx. 4.1 million inhabitants is often also called the pearl of äis. Smyrna dates back a long history in which Greeks, Romans, Jews, Christians and Muslims have left their mark. Today Izmir is a modern metropolis and a popular holiday resort in the äis. Tourists especially enjoy Izmir, because a long promenade along the coast invites to stroll and the beaches also leave no wish unfulfilled. After a day at the beach you can visit various places of interest. The Ágora, the old market of the city, is one of them. Even today you can see the remains of an old basilica. Another attraction is the Hisar Mosque, built in 1598.
The southern coast of Turkey, also known as the Turkish Riviera, is home to some of the most popular seaside resorts in the world. Well developed for tourists, this region is particularly popular with package tourists and comfort lovers. Two mountains border the Mediterranean region in southern Turkey: the Taurus Mountains in the north and the Amanos Mountains in the east. These form the landscape of this fertile region, so here you will find small bays, hidden mountains and picturesque hills and cliffs. The following towns and cities are important tourist centers in this region:
Antalya is the largest city on the French Riviera and capital of the province of the same name. Over the years, the small town has grown into a vacation metropolis with around one million inhabitants. Many travelers start their vacations at Antalya airport. The city itself consists of a successful mix of modern new buildings and old historical buildings. Especially the old town of Antalya is very worth seeing, because it is surrounded by a 40m high cliff and has charm.
Located on the Türkische Riviera Alanya is one of the most famous holiday resorts in the region. Many German tourists spend their beach holidays here. For this reason, Alanya is sometimes called the dancer of the Turkish Riviera. The city is well known for its cheap tour packages, but it also offers many tourist attractions. The K&A has its origin in the so-called Burgberg, on which a great fortress was built in the 13th century. The ruins of the Ic Kale citadel are located on top of a 250 m high mountain. From here you also have a wonderful view of Alanya.
With more than 1.6 million inhabitants, Adana is the fifth largest city in Turkey. The city in the southern part of the Taurus Mountains is a well-known university city with around 45,000 students. The most popular photographic motif in the city is the ancient stone bridge built by the Roman emperor Hadrian around AD 130. Museums like the Miss Mosaic Museum and the Atatürk Museum offer more interesting information about the city’s past.
Although not well developed for tourism, the interior of Turkey is a multi-faceted and interesting region that offers some surprises. Most of the interior is characterized by a wide plateau and several mountain ranges. The climate and landscape are also much drier and more desirable than the fertile, green coastal regions. Ankara, the capital of Turkey, is located in the northwest of the country and is the largest and most important city in the region. In addition to the tourist capital, there are many small mountain lakes, hot springs and mountain landscapes. The most spectacular attraction in the interior of Turkey is probably the prehistoric town of Cappadocia, some of which are still inhabited.
With more than 5 million inhabitants, Ankara, the capital of Turkey, is the second largest city in the country. Located in the heart of Turkey, Ankara is a modern city and an attractive destination for tourists. Modern shopping streets, traditional bazaars and places of historical interest; There are many leisure facilities in Ankara. Among the capital’s most famous monuments are the three parliament buildings, Anıtkabir, the tomb of the state founder, Mustafa Kemal Atat, and the Kocatepe mosque. From the Ankara citadel, located on a 1,000 meter high mountain, you have a wonderful view of the Turkish capital. The citadel was built by the Hittites in the second millennium B.C. and it developed under various rulers. The old fortress rises above the city and protects the oldest buildings and mosques.
In Central Anatolia two volcanoes created an extraordinary landscape some 50 million years ago. The thick layers of basalt, ash, and sand have solidified into tufa over the years. Over the years, the water and the wind formed abstract landscapes from the soft rock, reminiscent of sugar shacks from another world. The first houses were excavated in the Bronze Age and even today some people live in the lava stone houses, making Cappadocia the strangest urbanization in the world